A re-premiere showing of this family classic will take place in Marietta, Ga., on April 12 at the beautifully-restored Strand Theater in Marietta’s Historic Square.
The Georgia Civil War Commission and Friends of Nash Farm Battlefield are sponsoring Walt Disney's “The Great Locomotive Chase” at the Ritz Theatre in Thomaston, Ga., on Saturday, April 14.
It might be coming in your town!
Our nation's most famous locomotive, The General, is now home at the Southern Museum of Civil War and Locomotive History in Kennesaw, Ga.
“It’s all part of a bigger story of how the Civil War transforms,” said Richard Banz, Ed.D, executive director of the Southern Museum of Civil War and Locomotive History in Kennesaw, Georgia in a Marietta Daily Journal story entitled “Museum Marks 150 years since great chase.”
And now the story!
Jefferson Cain, an employee of the Western and Atlantic Railroad, was engineer of The General. At 4:15 on the morning of April 12, 1862, Cain pushed the throttle of The General and drove the engine out of Atlanta for Chattanooga as a cool spring rain fell on the city. During the spring of 1862, the peaceful town of Big Shanty (now Kennesaw) was paid not so peaceful a visit by Union spies led by James Andrews, who brought with him plans to disrupt Confederate supply lines. Andrews and his men boarded the train at Marietta. They had spent the previous night at the Fletcher House, today called the Kennesaw House. Twenty boarded the train, while two were left behind.
The next stop was the Lacy Hotel in Big Shanty for a 20-minute breakfast break. That's where The General was stolen in full view of Camp McDonald, a drill camp and home to many Confederate officers and enlisted men. There was no telegraph there, which was one reason Andrews chose the site.
Andrews, a Kentuckian, had made a name for himself by smuggling much needed quinine through Union lines for the benefit of Confederate soldiers and civilians. There were with him three experienced engineers, William Knight, Wilson Brown and John Wilson. When asked where they were from, they replied by saying, “I am from Fleming County, Ky.” They also said that they were on their way to join the Confederate Army.
The official plan to steal The General was approved by Union Gen. Ormsby Michael. The plan was to take the locomotive north on the Western and Atlantic Railroad and destroy tracks, bridges and tunnels along the way. Gen. Michael agreed that he would take Huntsville, Ala., on April 11, 1862, and then would wait on Andrews before moving into Chattanooga.
"Someone.....has stolen my train,” William Fuller, conductor on the General, said in amazement as the train was pulling away from the Big Shanty train depot. Men of the Western & Atlantic railroad almost immediately began the chase, with engineer Jefferson Cain, William Fuller and machine foreman Anthony Murphy close behind.
With no telegraph at Big Shanty, the men ran north along the railroad tracks to Moon Station and procured a platform handcar; then went on until they found The Yonah, another train. The next train used was the William R. Smith.
The last locomotive used in the chase by William Fuller was the famous “Texas” that was heading South. The Texas is now housed in Atlanta’s Cyclorama at Grant Park. With no time to spare, the Texas was run in reverse through the entire chase.
James Andrews and his Raiders were slowed down by southbound trains that had to pass before they could continue. With the telegraph out of service, Fuller was fortunate to catch telegraph operator Edward Henderson. Fuller gave the young Henderson a hand up on the train, as it was in motion, and gave him a message for Gen. Ledbetter that Henderson sent from Dalton.
Andrews and his men failed to destroy the bridges over Georgia’s Chickamauga Creek, Etowah River and Tunnel Hill. They also failed to slow down the pursuers by setting the cars of The General on fire and sending them back down the railroad tracks. The end came when they ran out of wood and lost power about 18 miles south of Chattanooga.
It took about two weeks for the Confederates to capture the Union spies. Some of them made it as far as Bridgeport, Ala. Eventfully, all 20 of Andrews Raiders were captured. James Andrews and six of his men were hung in Atlanta; eight escaped, and others were paroled.
U.S. Congress created the Medal of Honor in 1862, and it was awarded to some of the raiders. James Andrews was not eligible because he was not a part of the military service.
William Fuller, who is buried at Atlanta's Oakland Cemetery, was recognized by the Confederate Government, Georgia Gov. Joseph Brown and the Georgia General Assembly for his act of heroism.
Learn more about Confederate History Month at confederateheritagemonth.com.
Calvin E. Johnson, Jr., is a speaker, writer and author of the book “When America Stood for God, Family and Country.” He is serving as Confederate History Month chairman for the national and Georgia divisions of the Sons of Confederate Veterans.